Understanding Dementia

June 10, 2013 by Jonita Dixon

Alzheimer's care and dementia careDementia in simple terms is a state in which the body finds itself exhibiting various symptoms as a result of maladies affecting the brain. Dementia affects multiple body functions such as thinking, the ability to carry out daily activities, pattern of behavior and so on; the disease affects the brain so much that the patient’s regular way of life is completely altered, and by regular way of life, this includes the person’s social life as well as the person’s work life.

Dementia, some people say, affects just the elderly, but research and studies have proven otherwise, indicating that the disease could also affect just about anyone, although people at age 65 and older are more susceptible to being affected, there have also been cases of people between the ages of 40 to 50 being affected as well.


Dementia comes in different forms and each form has its own unique causes. The various and most common types of dementia are known as Vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Lewy bodies Dementia, Huntington disease, Fronto Temporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD), Korsakoff’s Syndrome – also referred to as Alcohol related dementia and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. Each of these forms of dementia have different causes and their situations also vary from one form to the other. In essence, treating these various forms of dementia would require complete attention to the patient and in most cases, the patient would be advised to check into a memory care facility, where he or she would receive the necessary care and attention specifically meant for patients with such cases.


Most times people usually mistake certain illnesses with a slight and temporal form of memory loss to dementia. This should not be the case, because dementia symptoms usually exhibit a particular pattern, in that the person affected tends to show a gradual and consistent pattern of behavior and if not discovered early enough, the situation could actually deteriorate into full blown dementia. Some of the conditions whose symptoms are usually likened or mistaken for dementia include the lack of some vital vitamins and hormones, the case of over medication, depression, brain tumours and regular infections. It is highly important that when one begins to notice these early signs, immediate medical diagnosis should be taken and if the results of the diagnosis presents the possibility of a permanent treatment, then there should be no wasting time in getting the correct treatment. In the event that the symptoms detected are caused by actual dementia, then early diagnosis should be carried out; at this early stage, the patient would have the opportunity of getting early treatment, which might include access to the right information, support and medication.

Detecting actual dementia signs requires a lot of care and attention, because early detection could actually go a long way to helping the patient manage appropriately the disease. One also needs to take note that dementia symptoms usually appear imperceptible and unclear, meaning that one cannot immediately conclude that such symptoms are attributed to dementia as soon as they are noticed. Here are some of the symptoms usually associated with dementia:

Gradual and recurrent memory loss, change of personality, frequent state of confusion, frequent show of dispiritedness and withdrawal, loss of vigour and ability to perform daily activities.


Presently, there is no actual cure for dementia and for preventing it’s occurrence, but there exists quite a number of medication to help in reducing the symptoms and managing the condition; though the best treatment at the moment for patients who suffer from dementia, is the constant love and support from family and friends.

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